Pocket Guide First Aid Bibliography Page


[edit] Aims

The key aims of first aid can be summarised in three key points:


Preserve life

- the overriding aim of all medical care, including first aid, is to save lives

Prevent further harm

- also sometimes called

prevent the condition from worsening

, this covers both external factors,such as moving a patient away from any cause of harm, and applying first aid techniques to prevent worsening of thecondition, such as applying pressure to stop a bleed becoming dangerous.

Promote recovery

- first aid also involves trying to start the recovery process from the illness or injury, and in some casesmight involve completing a treatment, such as in the case of applying a plaster to a small wound.First aid training also involves the prevention of initial injury and responder safety, and the treatment phases.

[edit] Key skills

In case of tongue fallen backwards, blocking the airway, it is necessary to hyperextend the head and pull up the chin, so that thetongue lifts and clears the airway.Certain skills are considered essential to the provision of first aid and are taught ubiquitously. Particularly, the "ABC"s of first aid,which focus on critical life-saving intervention, must be rendered before treatment of less serious injuries. ABC stands for 




, and


. The samemnemonicis used by allemergency health professionals. Attention must first be brought to theairwayto ensure it is clear. Obstruction(choking




What is FIRST AID? 

First Aid is medical attention done at the scene of an accident.

Why do we need FIRST AID? 

You perform first aid if someone is hurt or having a fit.

Who can perform FIRST AID? 

First Aid can be performed by all kinds of people such as paramedics, teachers,physeos, nurse, doctor, and the army and also by sports teachers.

Basics of FIRST AID:

Survey the scene

Survey the patient

Call for emergency servicesThe above actions are elaborated as follows:

Survey the scene:

Survey the scene and approach the victim. Determine whether the scene is safe. Lookfor dangers, such as downed power lines, traffic, unstable structures or fast-movingwater. Determine what may have happened, how many victims are involved, and if anybystanders can help. If several persons appear to be injured, perform


(Triage isa system used by medical or emergency personnel to ration limited medical resourceswhen the number of injured needing care exceeds the resources available to performcare so as to treat the greatest number of patients possible.), that is evaluate andcategorize the wounded and then treat those requiring the most urgent medicalattention first.

Survey the patient:

Perform an initial assessment. Get consent from a conscious victim (parent/guardian if the victim is a minor) before providing care. If the victim is unconscious, consent isimplied. Use infection control precautions and check for signs and symptoms of anylife-threatening conditions and care for them. To perform an initial assessment: 1.Check the victim for consciousness and obtain consent if the victim is conscious; 2.Check the ABCs (airway, breathing, and circulation); and 3. Check for severe bleeding.

Approaching the victim:

Approach the patient visibly and offers help. Direct questions("Can you hear me?", "What happened?", "Where are you hurt?") or instructions("Open your eyes!") are favored. It is often recommended that one announces to the



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