Essay on Egyptian Culture
1421 Words6 Pages
Culture in Egypt is rich and deep. Having one of the oldest cultures dating back to before the pharaohs; Egypt’s culture is well developed and distinctive. With a religious cultured background, Egypt is developing rapidly into a restructured culture, combining old with new. An overview shows a complex structured culture built on many influences.
Humanity builds around culture and is a complex system that is difficult to define due to many factors. Webster dictionary defines culture as “the integrated pattern of human knowledge, belief, and behavior that depends upon the capacity for learning and transmitting knowledge to succeeding generations” (Web). A great many things can define a culture. Five of the major…show more content…
Egypt has become modern in contrast to nations around the country as a necessity to survive due to limited resources for food and certain supplies. Egypt has always been a complex country full of an extensive and profound culture spanning thousands of years.
The general geography of Egypt is distinctive. A quick look physical natural features and civilian communications will assist partly in understanding Egypt and its development. Egypt consists of a large desert, fertile areas of land, and urbanized areas. The government, due to the limited fertile land, utilizes farming limitation and control. The windblown sand has reclaimed some of the fertilized land and required action to build a dam to regain some land back. Urbanization has taken over part of the fertilized land resulting in even less land to farm on. Because of pesticides and sewage, water pollution has become a problem. With concern of the ecological aspects of the country, the most important areas in Egypt are the fertile land around the Nile River, the dam, and along the Mediterranean coast as well as the oil fields found throughout the country. Egypt conducted a large upgrade to communications in the years following 1990. Three mobile-cellular networks are in place with millions of subscribers and the “largest fixed-line system in the region” (CIA) was established using coaxial cable and microwave radio relay. Egypt has private and state-run
Essay about Death in Ancient Egyptian Culture
2526 Words11 Pages
Every individual experiences the act of death, and most persons experience the death of someone they know of. Whether family, kin, or someone infamous, the living deal with the process of dying. Anthropology seeks to understand the universal process of death ritual and how different cultures deal with death differently. An anthropologist can extract social values of a given culture, past or present, from how death ceremony is practiced. Such values could be regarding political hierarchy or an individual’s status in a society, and about a culture’s spiritual or religious faith. By exploring death ceremony in ancient Egypt, contemporary Hindu death practice in India, and current North American funerary rites, it can be illustrated that…show more content…
Poorer citizens were not buried with a coffin and outer sarcophagi where as wealthier citizens were. Citizens of higher strata were also buried with precious stones and gold. Thus, the socioeconomic structures of specific groups can be analyzed and broken down as to who was a peasant and who was deemed of higher social strata by examining the way ancient Egyptians practiced burial.
Regardless of social strata, death and the afterlife were almost always valued by the living in ancient Egypt. The afterlife was birthed and designed for great societal rulers but eventually trickled down and was adopted by other levels of society (Murnane in Obayashi, 1992, p. 42). Death was interpreted as “new life in another state” by ancient Egypt, and the ultimate goal of immortality could be attained if specific burial arrangements were made for the dead. This was to avoid a final death of the soul known as the “second death,” and measures such as burial with food, drink, and personal possessions, were taken to aid the soul on its journey into immortality (Murnane in Obayashi, 1992, p. 36).
Anthropologists can generally conclude that ancient Egyptians strove for immortality and that their beliefs of transcendence were extremely important to them, given burial sites, tomb art, and various extensive ancient texts. Pyramid texts illustrate deliberate assurance to the deceased that physical death was solely an illusion, thereby insinuating that the actual death