Nepal is rich in its culture and traditions. The varieties of festivals and occasions we celebrate carry own significance.
Dashain “The Greatest Festival of Nepalese”
Among them, Dashain being the greatest festival for Nepalese is always celebrated with the zeal and most joyful ways. It is celebrated almost for 15 days in the month of October; 1st, 7th, 8th, 9th and 10th days are most important.
The 1st day is welcomed following the rituals of ‘Ghatsthapana’ by worshiping Goddess Durga for 9 consecutive days. The main day is called ‘Dashami’ which is also known as ‘Vijaya Dashami’, the day when Goddess Durga got victory over demons. On this day the seniors put ‘Tika’ and ‘Jamara’ giving blessings to their younger ones. The special money given to the younger ones is received as ‘Dakchhina’. This day is like a family reunion where everyone enjoys with the varieties of food, playing cards, flying kites, etc. Dashain not only reunites the families and friends but it also gives the working people time to relax and have the rejuvenated towards life.
Tihar “The Festival of Lights”
Tihar is the most beautiful and dazzling festival for the Hindus. It is the second greatest festival for Nepalese, after Dashain. It is said to be the festival of the lights. The cities and the surroundings look very clean and wonderful with the smell and presence of the marigold flowers.
The festival usually falls in the month of October or November, celebrated for five days worshiping 4 different animals i.e. Kaag Tihar (Crow Tihar), Kukur Tihar (Dog Tihar), Gai Tihar (Cow Tihar)- the main day to worship the goddess of wealth, Laxmi, Goru Tihar (Ox Tihar) and the 5th day is celebrated as ‘Bhaitika’ which signifies and carries great importance for the love and concern between brothers-sisters. The sisters put the seven colours Tika on the brother’s forehead and pray for their longer life and progress. Tihar always brings the joyous and jolly mood in the families and friends; playing ‘Deusi-bhailo’ and trying the best to welcome the goddess Laxmi, who is believed to bring the happiness and positivity towards the life of the people.
All About Tihar | Deepawali Festival in Nepal
Tihar is one of the greatest festivals of Nepal in Hindu religion. It is supposed as 2nd most popular festival. Dashain is the greatest festival in Nepal. Tihar comes after Dashain. It may take 20 days after Dashain Tika to come Tihar (Laxmi Puja). Tihar is also known as Deepawali in Nepal, some part of Nepal. But it is known as Diwali in India and other countries of the world. The term ‘Diwali’ is more famous term for this festival in the world.
Tihar festivities start at Kag Tihar or worship of Crow. Kag Tihar is also term as Kaag Tihar or Kag Puja or Kaag Puja or Kag Pooja or Kaag Pooja. As Kag Tihar is the first day of Tihar festival, Bhai Tika is the last day of this famous festival. Tihar is celebrated during 5 days. The main day of Tihar / Deepawali is the Laxmi Puja day. It falls in the third day. Second day is Kukur Tihar or Kukur Puja. It means the day of worships of Dog. Fourth day is Govardhan Puja, the worship day of oxen or cow. It is also called Gai Tihar or Cow Puja.
Tihar / Deepawali Festival in Nepal
There are numerous legends and local customs associated with this Tihar / deepawali festival, but common to all is the lighting of homes, pathways, temples, and even government buildings, with hundreds of small clay lamps and candles. Firecrackers, thought to frighten away evil spirits are also used with abandon, which makes this a particular popular festival for children.
On Tihar day, shops remain open till the afternoon, believing that good sales on Tihar day predict a prosperous year ahead. In the corporate sector, the process of buying and distributing Tihar gifts begins several days before the big day, and slowly picks up pace. Sweets and dry fruits are the most common gifts, as are silver coins. But gifts also range from silver dishes and other household gifts to suit-pieces.
Tihar around every street corner can be found the temporary stages for holding the Ramlila – a dramatic rendition of the story of the Ramayan, which continues for several evenings, culminating in the defeat of Evil (Ravana) by Good (Ram).
Houses are decorated and a Lakshmi puja is organized. Often the women of the house do “aarti” to their husbands, garlanding him and putting a “tika” on him, while praying for his long life. In some houses, there is a ritual of immersing a silver coin in a tumbler of milk. The milk is then sprinkled lightly in the rooms of the house. Prashad is kept in front of the idol throughout the night.
In cities or villages, everywhere, every indoor corner of the house is lit up carefully, and a large diyo, bigger than usual, is kept in the temple or puja place and is guarded all night through.
The main Tihar recipes is the Sel roti. “Sel Roti” – Roti like but made of flour and Chhini (Sugar). Some of the Tihar specialties made are also. For more detail are given in another page.
The fifth and last day of Tihar is Bhai Tika. In this Bhai tiak day, sisters put Tika on foreheads of brothers, to ensure long life, and thank them for the protection they give. When the sisters give the tika, the brothers give gifts or money in return. A special garland (often of Makhmali Phool) is made for the brothers out of a flower that wilts only after a couple of months, symbolizing the sister’s prayer for her brother’s long life.
The depiction of the Tihar Tika:
Here is a specimen of the Tihar Tika. Tika is of seven hues Yellow, Orange, Blue, White, Green, Red, and Black. A tika of seven hues is called Sapta Rangi Tika in Nepali, where Sapta implies seven, Rangi implies hues. The Horizontal lines isolating areas of this page have seven hues, which is a specimen of Tihar Tika, so watch those hues also! The request of the hues in the tika design or even the selection of hues will change because of family customs.
Generally, a few hues are obtained while others are made at home. The three hues that are typically made at home are, green, white and dark. Green is the pounded pieces of sod, white is rice glue (crude rice pulverized into powder and blended with water), and dark is charcoal powder or additionally residue from oil lights. Generally, to make an immaculate Tika design and to make it less demanding for the tika provider to give tika, leaves of Banana were utilized, and this convention still follows in numerous families. You take a part of Banana leave, tear a little segment from the middle, hold it against the temple, utilize the rice glue as a base at that point touch hues in the wanted example, at that point expel the banana clear out. Tika symbolizes the bond amongst siblings and sisters.
Tihar Flower Garland Tihar and Flower Garland –
Flower Garland (otherwise called accessory of Flowers or blossom leis) is called Malla in Nepali, which is broadly utilized as a part of Tihar celebration for home adornment and furthermore to put around siblings and sisters neck. Amid Tihar, open markets are actually cultivates pressed with breathtaking blossoms and fragrance. Going to Asan Toll, a focal open market in Kathmandu is justified, despite all the trouble amid this time! Blossom cultivators make a considerable measure of benefit amid this time. Tihar is an opportunity to see Nepali homes and Nepali roads with bloom laurels all around! Siblings and Sisters frequently spare their bloom wreath as a trinket.
Tihar and Lights and Candles –
Tihar is a period of candlelight, tinsel enhancement, and bubbly shaded desserts, and all the more frequently this celebration is additionally known by the name `Festival of Lights’. Tihar is most likely the best celebration of all because of its short occasion period yet pressed with much energy, not at all like other Nepali celebrations!
Tihar and Rani Pokhari (Pond) –
Rani Pokhara is situated at the focal point of Kathmandu. This acclaimed lake has a little-sacred sanctuary situated on the inside. The compound’s entryway is bolted all year around with the exception of upon the arrival of Bhai Tika. The individuals who don’t have sisters enter the sanctuary to get tika from a priest.
Tihar and searching (Tihar and Sagun!) –
What do Nepalese buy throughout the period? Searching of preparation things similar to oil, butter, garments for brothers and sisters, and sweets. In the city, sisters buy edible fruit merchandise similar to cashew, almonds, and contemporary fruits in great amount whereas in villages sisters prepare home-made sweets and bread. The mixture of dried fruits alongside sweets and candies area unit packed typically during a bag, this package is understood as `Sagun’, This single complete is that the hottest searching item of the season, and you’ll be able to see it everyplace in open markets! Sagun is given to brothers by sisters on the Tika Day, and reciprocally, brothers offer sisters gifts similar to new garments and/or cash.
Tihar and Cooking –
Sisters plan remarkable Nepali feast at home for siblings. This incorporates making of the popular Nepali bread known as Nepali Roti or Sel or Sel Roti (as two words together). This sort of bread is otherwise called Funnel Cakes in southern parts of the United States and is exuberant shown by nation people amid yearly fairs. It’s made by profound fricasseeing a blend of fine rice flour, sugar, and water. The blend is set in the browning oil in hover by hand or by the assistance of a channel. Nepali Sel Roti is well known for its fresh and crunchy taste and is the main threat in any celebrations in Nepal. Bundles and Bunches of Sel Roti are made amid Tihar by cherishing hands of sisters, and Sel Rotis head out from towns to towns in the packs of siblings!
A Sample of Deusi Song
Bhana Mera Bhaiho Deusuray. (Say it, my brothers, Say it. Deusuray)
Sormelai Kana Deusuray. (Say it louder and say it in tune. Deusuray)
Rato Batoo Deusuray. (Red mud trail. Deusuray)
Chiploa Batoo Desuray. (Slippery trail. Deusuray)
Laddai Paddai Deusuray. (Slipping and Sliding. Deusuray)
Akeya Hami Deusuray. (Finally, we made it to your home! Deusuray)
…. …. Deusuray
…. …. Deusuray
…. …. Deusuray
Yo Garma Laxmi Deusuray. (In this home Lord Laxmi. Deusuray)
Sadthai Aun Deusuray. (Always come. Deusuray)
Hamilai Denus Deusuray. (Give us what you have money or meal)
Bidtha Garnus Deusuray. (Please give us now, say goodbye to us, so we sing for next home!)
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